chicken feeds

How to select the right chicken feed

Chicken feed may not be something you give a great deal of thought to – you go buy a bag for your hens and that’s it. Companies that manufacture chicken feed actually give a great deal of thought, time and research to feeding all poultry exactly what they need.

If your hens are eating the right feed you will be rewarded with healthy hens than lay lots of eggs for you. But feeding them the wrong feed can be a disaster for their health and also egg production. In our complete guide to chicken feed, we are going to take a look at: basic requirement requirements, what goes into each type of feed, the perfect feed for your flock and lots more.

One of the most important parts of raising chickens is proper nutrition. Feeding your flock the right food can help them with egg production, growth and more. While nutritional needs can vary by age, activity, and breed, there are some general guidelines you can follow when choosing the right chicken feed for your flock. Of course, always work with your veterinarian to come up with the best nutritional plan for your chickens.


Because they’re young and growing, chicks have different nutritional needs than adult birds. Baby chicks need chick starter ration feed with an 18 – 20% protein ratio. If you’re raising broiler chicks, they’ll need a bit more protein, about 22 – 24%, for the first six weeks. If you plan on keeping chicks in the same coop as laying hens, you can use a grower ratio for your entire flock. It will meet all the dietary needs of your chicks and pullets. Your laying hens will also need a calcium supplement if you feed them only grower feed.

From the time they leave the brooder to when they’re 14 weeks old, baby chicks are called pullets. These older chicks need to grow slowly so they can reach a normal body weight and have strong bones before they start egg production. They, too, will need a ration of 18 – 20% protein.


Laying hens need plenty of nutrients to produce quality eggs and to stay healthy. Hens will need 16 – 18% protein and 3.5 – 5% calcium chicken feed. If they don’t get enough calcium, their eggs will be soft-shelled, shell-less, or they’ll stop laying altogether. Layers need a balanced layer feed, as explained above, or quality all-flock feed. In addition to the all-flock feed, they’ll need a calcium supplement, such as oyster shell. Also make sure they have easy access to plenty of fresh water.

Cockerels & Non-Layers

The calcium in layer feed is essential for laying hens, but not cockerels and non-layers. The extra calcium can actually cause health problems like gout and kidney damage in non-laying birds. They should be given maintenance feed. Another option is to dilute layer feed with fresh fruit and vegetables or quality 20% scratch.

Broiler/Meat Birds

If you plan on raising meat birds, know that they eat more as their growth rate increases. There is chicken feed made specially for meat birds. In the first six weeks, broilers will need between eight and nine pounds of feed per bird. In the subsequent weeks, they’ll need two pounds of feed to produce one pound of body weight.